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The Bajau Tribe

The Bajaus, Sabah’s second-largest indigenous group, are primarily found in coastal areas from Kota Kinabalu to Kota Belud and around Semporna. Originally they were seafarers and at one time many were feared pirates. Today, the West Coast Bajaus are predominantly farmers and cattle breeders, renowned as “Cowboy Horsemen” in Sabah. The East Coast Bajaus traditionally lived along the coast, relying on fishing, though many have since settled on land.

The Rungus Tribe

The Rungus tribe can be found mainly in the north of Sabah (Kudat area). The Rungus people are known for their intricate beadwork and producing decorative necklaces, bracelets, rings, and many traditional accessories to compliment their beautiful woven clothing. The women weave cloth on backstrap looms and make containers from vines. 

The Murut Tribe

he Murut tribe is one of the largest indigenous groups in Sabah. In the past, the Murut tribe were feared for their ancient tradition of headhunting practices. They were the last ethnic group in Sabah to renounce headhunting.

The Kadazandusun Tribe

The Kadazan-Dusun (also known as Mamasok/ Momogun) is the largest indigenous group in Sabah. Originally Borneo headhunters, The Kadazan people were the first Borneo people to use plow for farming rice and in time it became their main source of income.

The Lun Bawang Tribe

The Lundayeh people, also known as Lun Bawang, are the earliest ethnic groups in Sabah and are found in the southwest region bordering Sarawak. They were known for their specialization in agriculture and practiced livestock farming, fishing, and hunting.